The focus of the bilateral meeting between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart on Tuesday will be on further strengthening the India-Japan special strategic and global partnership.
Prime Minister Modi is on his way to Tokyo to attend the Quad Leaders Summit and will later hold bilateral meetings with leaders of other member countries – US President Joe Biden, new Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese and his Japanese counterpart Fumio Kishida.
It is hoped that this will give leaders an opportunity to review initiatives outlined by member countries. In addition to discussing the development of the Indo-Pacific region, other issues of mutual interest will be discussed at the top level, as well as when he will hold bilateral meetings with leaders.
India-Japan 2 + 2 ministerial level dialogue and much more
The two countries are in the process of finalizing the date for the second 2 + 2 ministerial level dialogue, which is expected to take place in April this year. This time the dialogue will be held in Japan and Defense Minister Rajnath Singh and Foreign Minister Dr S. Jayashankar will visit the country and meet their Japanese counterparts Yoshimasa Hayashi and Nobuo Kishi respectively.
While the timelines are still in the process of working out the ongoing war between Ukraine and Russia, as well as the expansion of NATO and most importantly the dialogue that will take place after the summit of QUAD leaders.
“We are in talks with our Japanese counterparts for 2 + 2,” Foreign Secretary Binoy Quatra said in response to a question from Financial Express Online about the 2 + 2 dialogue and defense and security cooperation.
He further said that defense and security are two important elements of India-Japan relations and there are several parts to it.
Despite several rounds of talks, no agreement has been signed between India and Japan on the purchase of the Shinmayawa US-2 amphibious aircraft.
Both sides began negotiations for an armored vehicle FICV (Futuristic Infantry Combat Vehicle) and a new FRCV (Future Ready Combat Vehicle) program. And according to sources, the Mitsubishi chief is also expected to be present when Prime Minister Modi speaks to industry leaders.
The Japanese company Mitsubishi has the capability to make such vehicles and may in future be a joint venture with an Indian private sector company.
Both countries are already conducting bilateral and multilateral military exercises, including the recently concluded Milan 22 exercise.
The Financial Express Online previously reported that an agreement was signed in 2020 between the two countries’ armed forces on the mutual provision of supplies and services.
Financial Express Online also reports that the two countries are looking at the possibility of co-development, co-production as well as co-designing of various military platforms. And according to the foreign secretary, the technology and specific design aspects will also be included.
For both countries, maritime domain awareness, free, open and protected Indo-Pacific region, the development of the region as well as the interests of the South China Sea and the Korean Peninsula.
The two prime ministers will meet on Tuesday to discuss economic cooperation as well as development projects in the Northeast, cyber security, space, defense and security.
At the 14th Indo-Japan Annual Summit in March this year, both leaders announced their intention to realize the next five years from Japan to India – the Japanese Yen with five trillion public and private investments and financing. And to realize this, in his talks with industrialists in Tokyo, Prime Minister Modi’s interaction will focus on deepening economic ties between the two countries.
Differences in the ongoing Ukraine-Russia war
India has maintained its position that the leaders of Russia and Ukraine must resolve the ongoing situation through diplomacy and negotiations. The United States, Australia and Japan are among the countries that have taken a stand against Russia and imposed strict sanctions on that country.
Japan is the only country that has been invited to invest in various infrastructure projects in the Northeast.