Written by Dr. Sahil Kohli
In the Delhi NCR region, patients have been complaining of headaches and migraine headaches as the temperature has risen in the summer. Summer heat can be helpful for both headaches and migraines. Mild forms of summer headaches may include tremors in the head, fatigue, sensitivity to light and sound, and dehydration. Occasionally heat exhaustion may cause headache and may include dizziness, muscle spasms, fainting, numbness around the face and neck, nausea and vomiting, pale and cold sticky skin, wet sweat, and weakness and fatigue and insatiable thirst. . Heat exhaustion headaches need to be present immediately as they can lead to heatstroke.
For those who already have migraines, the heat of summer can trigger migraine attacks and increase the frequency and severity of their pain. These include ways to prevent exacerbations
1. Drink plenty of water (stay hydrated)
2. Limit outdoor time on hot days.
3. Sunglasses, a hat and sunscreen can also help.
4. Limit Indoor Exercise If you need to exercise, try indoors in an air-conditioned environment.
5. Cold compresses, iced herbal teas (without caffeine), and NSAIDs can help reduce the severity of headaches.
The importance of staying hydrated As a rule, you should drink at least 2 liters of water. However, when you are active on a hot day, you need to increase it to about 2½ liters. When you are dehydrated, the brain can contract and this can cause the brain to move away from the skull, causing headaches. When you relieve your dehydration, the brain returns to normal, relieving headaches. Coconut water and sports drinks that contain plenty of water, including electrolytes and lemonade and shikanji will help you stay hydrated.
Exercise and summer: When a person exercises, the blood vessels in his scalp dilate. If you participate in strenuous activities such as running, weightlifting or team sports (such as volleyball), these can cause headaches. It is advisable to avoid such activities in high heat. However, another way to avoid exercise-related headaches is to create a set of warm-up exercises that can help prevent headaches. Some good warm-up exercises include stretching, then light jogging and walking.
Avoid nitrates and MSG (monosodium glutamate) or high salt foods such as pickled and processed foods. Instead focus on salads, juices and yogurt and avoid caffeine, red wine, chocolate and aged cheese.
Headaches are more common in summer. Drinking plenty of fluids, reducing exposure to direct sunlight, focusing on food triggers and not working too hard can reduce the chances of frequent and severe headaches. However, even with this precaution, headaches will occur and painkillers may be needed. If a migraine headache occurs more than 4 times a month, preventive or preventive therapy may require medical assistance to be considered under the supervision of a neurologist.
(The author is a Senior Consultant – Neurology, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Gurugram. The opinions expressed are personal and do not reflect the official position or policy of FinancialExpress.com.)